The “lost half decade” of 2015-2020, with an Country Email List annual growth rate of less than 2%), in which the region received the blow of the covid-19 pandemic. Now, the international environment, dominated by the United States and Country Email List China, aims to further restrict the region's options, particularly given Washington's demand that Latin America break its ties with China and align itself with the United States. Resurrecting the Monroe Country Email List Doctrine In February 2018, on the eve of his first trip to Latin America, the then Secretary of State Rex Tillerson, during a speech at the University of Texas at Austin, announced that the Monroe.
Doctrine remained in force, thus Country Email List contradicting his predecessor, John Kerry, who in 2013 had claimed otherwise. This doctrine, by which the United States assumes the right to exclude non-American countries from having a presence in the Country Email List Western Hemisphere, was considered a nineteenth-century anachronism. Since then, the Trump administration has applied this doctrine sine die . The visits by his Secretaries of State-Rex Tillerson and his successor, Mike Pompeo-, his Secretary of Defense Jim Mattis, and other members Country Email List of his Cabinet, conveyed the message that Latin American countries must remain away from China.
Something similar could be said of Country Email List efforts to block the presence of Russia and Iran, in the latter case including the interception of cargo ships with Iranian oil bound for Venezuela. Breaking an established 60-year tradition of a Latin Country Email List American presidency of the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) with the candidacy of an American for it, aspires to use the IDB to exclude extracontinental powers, especially China, from the region. This eagerness to take history back to the 19th century is unacceptable. The great Country Email List change that has taken place in the new century in the region has been precisely towards a diversification of its foreign relations.